A solar panel is a device that uses the energy of sunlight. The term includes solar collectors used to produce hot water by solar thermal and photovoltaic panels used to generate electricity through photovoltaics.
Solar panel refers either to a photovoltaics (PV) module, a solar hot water panel, or to a set of solar photovoltaics modules electrically connected and mounted on a supporting structure. A PV module is a packaged, connected assembly of solar cells. Solar panels can be used as a component of a larger photovoltaic system to generate and supply electricity in commercial and residential applications.
A solar panel is a kind of module that aims to try to exploit as much energy from solar radiation. The term used to define it comes from solar collectors, which were used to obtain hot water, usually with domestic order and photovoltaic panels used to generate electricity.
With regard to these photovoltaic panels, it is important that they are made up of a few cells that are responsible for converting light into electricity. These same cells are also known as photovoltaic cells, which means “light-electricity”. These are dependent on the photovoltaic effect to transform the sun’s energy, and thus cause a current to pass between two plates with opposite electrical charges.
How it works?
Solar panels work as follows: the solar rays hit the surface of the panel, penetrating is this and being absorbed by semiconductor materials such as silicon or gallium arsenide.
These panels are modules that use the energy from sunlight. These modules comprise solar collectors are used to produce hot water and photovoltaic panels used to generate energy. PV are composed of numerous cells that convert light into electricity, these cells are sometimes called photovoltaic cells, which means “light-electricity” and depend on the photovoltaic effect to transform the energy of the sun and cause a current to pass by two plates with opposite electrical charges. The standard parameter to measure its power is called peak power. When exposed to sunlight a cell Silicon 6 centimeters in diameter can produce a current of about 0.5 amps to 0.5 volts.
And the solar collectors have a receiver plate and tubes through which flows liquid adhered thereto. The receiver ensures that solar radiation is transformed into heat, while the liquid flowing through the pipes transports heat to where it can be used.